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Forget what you think you know about nicotine ... !

Forget what you think you know about nicotine ... !

Source: | Original Post Date: September 10, 2015 –


But there’s another side to the story. As well as having medicinal benefits, nicotine has untapped potential as a cognitive enhancer, boosting attention, working memory and more. The problem – which you undoubtedly guessed – is that using nicotine by smoking cigarettes for its cognitive benefits is like mainlining heroin to treat your cough: it might work, but the negatives considerably outweigh the positives.

However, vaping is changing all of that.


Nicotine is Not the Bad Guy

The big misconception about nicotine – one held by most smokers questioned inseveral different studies, usually about two thirds of them – is that it causes cancer.It doesn’t.

The reason for opening with this is because it’s a persistent myth and it offers a hint as to why there’s so much misunderstanding about the risks of nicotine. The simple answer is that it hangs out with a bad crowd.

It’s obviously undeniable that smoking tobacco is a significant cause of cancer and a cacophony of negative health effects. Nicotine, as potentially the most widely-known chemical component in tobacco, is inherently linked to these health impacts in the minds of many people: because it’s believed to be only encountered as part of tobacco smoke, nicotine is assumed to carry a lot of risks.

The problem is that nicotine is just one of about 7,000 chemicals in cigarette smoke, and many of the others are carcinogenic and toxic. When taken out of the context of the cigarette smoke, nicotine really isn’t much to worry about at all, which is why nicotine patches, gums and other medicinal products are widely-used and recommended.

In reality, even non-smokers consume nicotine pretty much every day, with trace quantities being present in tomatoes, eggplants, potatoes and cauliflower.

Additionally, nicotine isn’t even solely responsible for the addiction to smoking. It’s one of many “alkaloids” found in tobacco, and adding these to nicotine enhances its addictive properties. In the same way, the monoamine oxidase inhibitors andacetaldehyde found in cigarette smoke have the same effect. Nicotine is addictive, but – as strange as this may sound – it isn’t as addictive as smoking.

The FDA agrees, and may be changing nicotine patch and gum labels as a result. In their words:

“Although any nicotine-containing product is potentially addictive, decades of research and use have shown that [nicotine replacement therapy] products sold [over the counter] do not appear to have significant potential for abuse or dependence.”

The Medicinal Uses of Nicotine

 So maybe nicotine isn’t going to give you cancer – and probably carries similarly minimal risks to caffeine when separated from smoke – but that doesn’t mean it’s actually good, does it? Well, there are actually many conditions that could be helped by nicotine, including ulcerative colitis, depression, schizophrenia, ADHD, pain, mild cognitive impairment, Tourette’s, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease.

The list of conditions possibly helped by nicotine may be surprising, but they’re ultimately a result of its effects in the brain. The best example is the use of nicotine in Parkinson’s disease, which was the first time a potential medical benefit of nicotine was uncovered. In 1966, Harold Kahn – an epidemiologist working for the National Institutes of Health – uncovered a curious fact: non-smokers were about three times more likely to die of Parkinson’s disease as smokers.

In Parkinson’s sufferers, the neurons responsible for releasing dopamine (which you can think of as the brain’s “pleasure” chemical, but it does other stuff too) begin to deteriorate, and a drug called levodopa is used as treatment because it’s a precursor to dopamine. Nicotine also increases dopamine, however, and as well as reducing symptoms in Parkinson’s patients and slowing the progression of the disease, it can even decrease one of the more serious side effects of levodopa itself.

Schizophrenia is another key condition to consider, because about 90 percent of people with schizophrenia smoke. There is debate about the reasons for this, but the idea that they are self-medicating with nicotine is a well-supported one. Smoking reduces the negative symptoms of schizophrenia – such as apathy and lack of motivation, which may be related to deficits in the dopamine system – and could counteract some of the cognitive symptoms of the condition too. These cognitive effects, while very valuable for schizophrenic smokers, may even extend to people not suffering from a condition.

Can Nicotine Improve Cognition?

 For healthy adults, potentially the most promising use of nicotine is to improve mental functioning. The reasons behind this are closely tied to the reason nicotine appears to be useful for Alzheimer’s sufferers: the nicotinic system (specifically the acetylcholine receptors that nicotine acts on in the brain) is crucial for maintaining performance on a variety of tasks. Alzheimer’s sufferers have fewer of these receptors, and treatment with nicotine can minimize the effect of this deficit.

For healthy adults, however, the effect still exists. A paper by the British psychologist David M. Warburton entitled “Nicotine as a Cognitive Enhancer” looks at the evidence on the effects of nicotine on attention and memory, suggesting that nicotine helps with various tasks requiring attention. The benefits to memory are often linked to improvements in attention (if you pay attention to something more effectively, then you’re more likely to remember it), but there are also some suggestions of improvements in memory unrelated to attention.


One example study looking at the effects of nicotine on attention involved showing people the names of colors, but with text itself in a different color. So, for example, the word “yellow” would be shown but the text would be red, and the word “green” would be shown but the text would be blue. The task is to name the color of the text rather than the color represented by the word itself, and – as you’ll be aware if you’ve ever tried it – this can be quite challenging. If you do the same task where the words aren’t related to color, people are much more efficient at answering with the color of the text itself.

The difference between completion times when color words are used to the completion times when non-color terms are used is called the “Stroop effect” (named after the task’s creator), and measures the ability to pay selective attention to the important information (the color of the text) and ignore irrelevant information (the word itself). When people were given either 1 mg or 2 mg of nicotine in the form of a tablet, the size of the Stroop effect reduced in both smokers deprived of a cigarette and non-smokers, suggesting improvements in selective attention.

Another example study looked at the ability to sustain attention, by asking participants to watch the minute hand of a clock and detect brief periods where its movement paused. The usual response is accuracy at the beginning, but a slow decrease as the task continues and attention wanes. When this test was conductedon heavy, light and non-smokers, nicotine tablets significantly reduced this waning of attention in all three groups, in comparison to a placebo run-through (with no nicotine).

Warburton explains these findings by suggesting that “nicotine ‘locks’ the brain into a state appropriate for efficient information processing.”

Are the Benefits in Cognition Limited to Smokers?

However – and as you may expect – much of the research in these areas has used people who already smoke, and they are also often deprived of nicotine prior to testing. Being in nicotine withdrawal actually decreases the ability to pay attention and other cognitive ability, and smoking (or consuming nicotine) simply reverses these deficits. The authors of a more recent study correctly point out that to be able to say nicotine enhances these abilities, the same effects would have to be observed in non-smokers or smokers not deprived of nicotine.

To test this, they submitted smokers, non-smokers and ex-smokers to three cognitive tests, either with nicotine gum or while chewing a similar-tasting placebo gum. On two out of three tests, nicotine didn’t help performance (and smokers were actually worse on working memory), but on a task measuring focused attention and the ability to visually scan information, it led to improvements in all groups of participants. The authors also point out that smokers don’t become “tolerant” to this improvement, since they benefited as much as the non-smokers did.

Other studies have also added evidence that the benefits of nicotine still exist for non-smokers. The benefits are greater for smokers, though, with improvements in working memory added to those for paying attention and visually searching for information.

Overall, the evidence suggests that nicotine does lead to some improvements in non-smokers, and although it’s clear that smokers (and groups with attention deficits, like schizophrenics) do benefit more from it, nicotine itself does have an effect on mental functioning, particularly when it comes to paying attention.

How Vaping Could Unlock the Benefits of Nicotine

 So what does this all mean for smokers and vapers? A recent report from Public Health England estimated that e-cigarettes are 95 percent safer than traditional tobacco cigarettes, and although this means there is still some risk (meaning they aren’t completely safe), the difference in risk is quite substantial. In short, if you’re a smoker, switching to vaping is definitely a good idea, but if you’re a non-smoker it isn’t.

The key point is that in this considerably safer form, smokers can continue to use nicotine for its attention-boosting properties while not exposing themselves to huge health risks. Whereas the benefits of nicotine were previously dwarfed by the substantial damage from smoking, against the background of drastically reduced risk, they’re allowed to shine through.

“But,” you might be wondering, “Surely these benefits have been available for decades already because of nicotine gums and patches?” Well, as nicotine expert Jacques le Houezec points out:

“The most effective way of delivering nicotine to the brain (where most effects occur) is by smoking tobacco, particularly because smokers can modify their nicotine intake on a puff-by-puff basis (called self-titration of nicotine) […] Nicotine is then a very suitable drug by which you can get the effect you need at the time you need it, because inhalation with tobacco smoke (or now with e-cigarette vapor) brings nicotine to the brain very quickly (actually faster than an intravenous injection).”

Vaping doesn’t deliver nicotine as fast as smoking does, but the on-demand, puff-away-as-needed aspect puts it head and shoulders above nicotine gums and patches as a method for consuming nicotine. Need to read through a lot of research to find some salient information? You could stick a patch on your arm and wait a few hours, or you can just vape while you work.

The real dilemma comes in the form of non-smokers interested in enjoying the benefits of nicotine without the risks of smoking. Is it worth becoming addicted to nicotine to improve your mental functioning? The answer is one only the individual can answer for her or himself, but the similarities between nicotine and caffeine would suggest that perhaps the knee-jerk “no way!” response is more like a hangover from our awkward habit of associating nicotine with smoking than a well-considered answer.

On balance, becoming addicted to nicotine will also have some negative impacts on your mental functioning, so it’s still not advisable for the non-smoker, before you even consider the uncertainties surrounding the long-term risks of vaping. It’s better than starting to smoke, but still likely not a good idea.

For a smoker, though, if you can switch to vaping, the benefits of nicotine could easily outweigh the comparatively minor risks and the continued addiction. Switching your habit isn’t necessarily easy – after all, you get a quicker hit of nicotine and other addictive chemicals from smoking – but if you get a capable e-cigarette and explore the variety of e-liquid flavors available, making the transition can be easier than you think. Many e-liquids use artificial ingredients to produce sweet or fruity flavors, but for smokers, finding some authentic-tasting tobacco e-liquid can help to smooth the transition considerably.

For Parkinson’s patients who smoke but want to quit – or other smokers with a condition helped by nicotine – the medicinal benefits of nicotine could make vaping the ideal solution. For schizophrenia sufferers in particular, vaping offers the core self-medication benefits of smoking, but drastically reduces the associated risks. Since such a large number of schizophrenics smoke, vaping could be an absolute game-changer.

Vaping is Nicotine’s Second Chance

 With vaping, nicotine has the chance to cast off its unfortunate association with the deadliest consumer product in history and step into the limelight. Non-smokers still might not be advised to start inhaling vaporized chemicals into their lungs, but for smokers (particularly ones with schizophrenia or conditions like Parkinson’s) e-cigarettes offer the surprising benefits of nicotine and the core enjoyment of smoking in a much safer package.

Perhaps, one day, we’ll start to see nicotine as a habit more like drinking a cup of coffee than the addictive menace responsible for countless deaths.

Written by Bardia Rezaei of


Smoking vs. Vaping: This Is How They Affect Your Body

When it comes to the argument of smoking vs. vaping, the one that wins is often just the lesser of two evils.

In the video above by ASAP Science, the YouTube channel aims to answer whether or not vaping is actually better for you than smoking. And their conclusions probably won't surprise you.

Vaping, unlike smoking, involves the inhalation of vapourized e-cigarette liquid consisting of water, nicotine, a base of propylene glycol or vegetable glycerin and occasionally, flavouring. The lack of smoke inhalation is what leads many e-cigarette users to believe vaping is a safer alternative to smoking.

For years, doctors and scientists have noted a strong correlation between cigarette smoke and cancer, stating that smoking changes cells in the lungs, leading to lung cancer. Smoking is also associated with respiratory and cardiovascular disease. The reason, experts explain, is that cigarette smoke contains toxic chemicals like cyanide, benzene, formaldehyde, methanol, acetylene and ammonia, not to mention tar, carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxide.

But while vaping doesn't include that toxic smoke, its e-liquid has experts on the fence too. Since e-cigarettes were only developed in 2003, it's hard to say what longterm effects might occur after prolonged use. Still, we know the liquid from e-cigarettes often includes propylene glycol. That chemical, which is also used to create theatrical smoke, has been known to irritate eyes and cause respiratory infections.

Variable-Voltage Electronic Cigarettes

Todays electronic cigarettes come in a wide range of choices.
color shapes and sizes, and also variable voltage.

Almost all electronic cigarette batteries are rated at 3.7 volts. However, you will find that your vaping experience changes when you use different e-liquids and atomizing devices.
Some combinations may produce ‘rich’ flavor and ‘full-bodied throat hit’, while others may leave you wishing you could “crank it up a bit” either in the vapor production, taste or throat hit.
Variable voltage electronic cigarettes allow you to do exactly that, making it possible to change the voltage of your device to achieve the vapor production, flavor and throat hit you crave that you may not be able to achieve from your current device.
Variable Voltage Vaporizers are electronic cigarette power control devices that allow the user to connect a range of atomizing devices and control the voltage that is applied to the atomizer. Every fluid will have its own ‘sweet spot’ i.e. the perfect optimal temperature that it should be vaped at. A variable voltage allows you find and enjoy every ‘sweet spot’ for every flavor and fluid.

How Do Variable-Voltage Electronic Cigarettes Work? It’s all about Watts ‘n’ Volts
An electronic cigarette generates vapor by heating an atomizing device normally containing a heater coil. This heat combined with the ‘draw’ from the user cause the fluid to be atomi zed into the vapor that is inhaled. The hotter the coil and the greater the surface area of fluid the coil acts upon will cause more vapor to be produced. Therefore, two primary means of increasing vapor exist: either heat the coil to a higher temperature or increase the amount of fluid that is exposed to a ‘vaping’ temperature. To produce more heat the device will need more power. To support the energy required to heat to ‘vaping’ temperature an increase area of fluid again requires more power. Therein lies the simple secret to variable voltage devices. They can provide more power to increase the temperature of operation and they can also ‘fuel’ the power demand of an atomizer that provides a greater vaping surface area of heater element, or often, if you choose the right combination of devices, both will contribute to really ‘punch’ high volumes of tasty vapor.
Most electronic cigarettes use 3.7volt batteries and 2.5ohm atomizers. This combination produces a little under 5.5watts of power. When you pair a 3.7volt battery with a low-resistance atomizer (such as a 1.5-ohm Dual Coil Cartomizer, the power being applied to the vaporizing action of the electronic cigarette increases to over 9 watts. However, you cannot keep on simply reducing the
resistance of the atomizer as the temperature will rise to a level which will cause fluid overheating and burning and rapidly degrade the performance of the atomizer. To gain the widest range of performance you will need the ability to alter both the resistance of your device and also vary the voltage you apply. For example, our Torpedo Chrome operating at 6 volts, connected to our 3ohm ‘Clearomizer’ device will generate 12 watts of safe high vapor power, without overheat and degrading the life or performance.

Whats in E Liquid and whats in smoke

10 reasons electronic cigarettes are better than smoking

1) Electronic cigarettes don't produce any second hand smoke. In fact they don't produce any smoke. They produce a propylene glycol based vapor, much the same as theatrical smoke machines, but in lower quantities of course

2) E-Cigs don't create cigarette butts. The Instead ECigs use eliquid to refill the plastic cartridges over and over again to reduce waste even further

3)No Tar! As mentioned, e-cigarettes produce vapor, not smoke, so they don't contain the tar that burning tobacco creates

4)No more yellow. E-cigarettes won't turn your teeth or fingers yellow.

5)Smokey Bear thanks you. Electronic cigarettes don't burn

6)Cost. E-cigarettes can save you money, specifically if you use eliquid to refill cartridges. Do the math. One bottle of eliquid is approximately equivalent to 300 tobacco cigarettes.

7)Vapor doesn't give you bad breath. Smoke does.

8 )There is no hydrogen cyanide in e-cigarette vapor

9)You may be able to smoke your e-cigarette where you can't normally smoke. Please ask permission before e-smoking in non smoking areas

10)The smell. E-Cigarettes do have some smell when they are actually being used...but it is very minimal and often not noticeable. There is no smell on the esmoker after esmoking, unlike tobacco smoke which sticks to hands, clothes, and everything else

How E-Cigarettes Work? (Infographic)


Famed and Significant Vaping Terms

Vapor – The Americanization of the word ‘Vapour’. A Cigarette produces smoke whereas e-cigarette releases vapors. The process is not subject to combustion as an e cigarette doesn’t burn.

Vaper – The user of an e cigarette is called a Vaper. Or a person who vaporizes with a personal vaporizer. Also; Vaporer, Vaperer, Vapist, Vape-head, Vape Junkie.

Vape – The use of, the action of or the reference to the vaporization and inhalation of an electronic cigarette.

E-LiquidElectronic Cigarette Liquid. The flavored element that is atomized into a vapor consisting of Nicotine, flavors and diluents.

Ex. Drippers dream a good flavor of e liquid.

TH (Throat Hit) – The feeling a vaper gets when the vapor is inhaled. Described as a ‘tap’ or ‘punch’ you feel in your throat directly after inhale.

Niquid – Electronic Cigarette Liquid. More specifically, an e-liquid which contains nicotine in various concentrations.

PV (Personal Vaporizer) – Any device that has been built specifically for the purpose of vaping. Ex. The Calibre, eGo, Silver Bullet, etc.

Atty – Atomizer. A threaded e-cigarette attachment that is responsible for the vapor production. Generally a coil, concealed by a wire mesh bridge, that is intended for dripping e-liquid directly into the device for vaporization.

Cart – Short form of ‘cartridge’. 3 piece PV‘s used to come with plastic cartridges which contained a small amount of poly fill batting that would wick into your atomizer. This method is mostly extinct with the advent of tanks and cartos.

Carto – Short form of ‘Cartomizer’. A threaded e-cigarette attachment that is also responsible for vapor production, however cartomizers have a much larger juice capacity and are suitable for those want freedom of one or both hands while vaping. This is either accomplished with Poly-fill batting around a coil or a tank of liquid with a wick to accomplish a similar effect.

Tank – A cylindrical container that encases a carto, intended to automatically fill the device through slotted or punched feeding holes. Generally taken as more advanced e-cigarette users attachment.


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  2. A device or attachment that has been made into a personal vaporizer; generally one that was not intended to be a personal vaporizer in the first place. Ex. A portable USB battery pack that has been fit with a 510 threading.
  3. Any specialty PV, generally a higher end device that has removable batteries vs. proprietary batteries.
Modder – A vaper who likes to build devices himself.

Dripping – Dripping drops of juice directly into an atomizer vs. using cartomizers or tanks. Known for superior flavor and throat hit.

Dipping – An outmoded term, most notably used with exposed bridge atomizers. Alleged vaper will remove the cartridge and dip the atomizer directly into a pool or cup of juice.

Drip Tip – A plastic or metal atomizer attachment that allows for direct dripping into an atomizer without removal and replacement of a cartridge.

Tail-Piping – Specific to atomizers, this is when a user takes a vape directly off of an atomizer without a drip tip or a cartridge.

ADV (All Day Vape) – An e-liquid that is a favorite to that specific vaper. A flavour that can be used all day without getting sick of it.
Catch Cup (Drip Well) – A small cup located around the threading of a high end PV that catches any leakage from an atomizer. The catch cup is used most notably on Feeders.

Mod Hoarder – A vaper who has too much time, too much money and too little space for all the
devices they have acquired. Ex. Have you seen the newest episode of Mod Hoarders?

Repairable Atomizer – A more advanced and miserly attachment for electronic cigarettes in which you can replace popped NiChrome coils yourself. Ex. Ato-MISER, Bully A1, Genesis Line


Primer Puff – A mostly antiquated term. A short puff on an automatic device that effectively warms up the coil, this readies your device for a more pleasurable vape directly after said primer puff. Ex. I had to constantly give my E9 a primer puff first, or else the vape was too cool for me.

Dratty – Dry atomizer. The acrid taste of an atomizer that has not been properly filled with e-liquid. Ex. Oh man, now that was one dratty hit.

Dry Burn – A method of cleaning or enhancing the performance of an atomizer where the user activates their device until the coil is glowing red hot. Ex. I do not suggest that anyone should dry burn.

Standard Resistance – This is the standard ohm rating of stock atomizers and cartomizers. Generally, these are the ones provided in starter kits as they are easiest for most vapers to use.

Low Resistance (LR, Low-Res) – An atomizer or cartomizer that was designed to emulate 5 volt vaping on 3.7 volt devices via a lower ohm rating. These provide more Throat Hit and Flavor than a standard atty/ carto. Low Resistance hardware should only be used on eGo batteries or bigger.

High Voltage Carto/Atty (HV, High-Res) – These atomizers/cartos are intended for use on high end PV‘s that function at 5 volts or higher such as the GLV. The higher ohm rated coil can withstand the higher amperage and resulting wattage.

Vapemail – After numerous days of online tracking and mailbox check, this is the delivered parcel or envelope containing vaping hardware and or e-liquid.

Definition of Electronic Cigarettes

What is an Electronic Cigarette

An electronic cigarette, or e-cigarette, is an electrical device that simulates the act of tobacco smoking by producing an inhaled mist bearing the physical sensation, appearance, and often the flavor and nicotine content of inhaled tobacco smoke; though lacking its odor, and intended to omit its health risks. The device uses heat, or in some cases ultrasonic , to vaporize a propylene glycol- or glycerin-based liquid solution into an aerosol mist, similar to the way a nebulizer or humidifier vaporizes solutions for inhalation.Most electronic cigarettes are portable, self-contained cylindrical devices the size of a ballpoint pen or magic marker; though sizes vary, mainly due to differing battery capacities. Many electronic cigarettes are designed to resemble actual cigarettes or cigars, or even pipes. Most are also reusable, with replaceable and refillable parts, but some models are disposable.

The primary stated use of the electronic cigarette is an alternative to tobacco smoking, or a smoking cessation device, as it attempts to deliver the experience of smoking without, or with greatly reduced, adverse health effects usually associated with tobacco smoke. Nevertheless, concerns have been raised that use of the device still carries health risks, and that it could appeal to non-smokers, especially children, due to its novelty, flavorings, and possibly overstated claims of safety.The possible benefits or adverse effects of electronic cigarette use are a subject of disagreement among different health organizations and researchers. Controlled studies of electronic cigarettes are scarce due to their relatively recent invention and subsequent rapid growth in popularity. Laws governing the use and sale of electronic cigarettes, as well as the accompanying liquid solutions, currently vary widely, with pending legislation and ongoing debate in many regions.

Most electronic cigarettes take an overall cylindrical shape although a wide array of shapes can be found: box, pipe styles etc. First generation electronic cigarettes were usually designed to simulate smoking implements, such as cigarettes or cigars, in their use and appearance.New generation electronic cigarettes often called mods, PV's (personal vaporizer) or APV's (advanced personal vaporizer) have an increased nicotine-dispersal performance, housing higher capacity batteries, and come in various form factors, including metal tubes and boxes. Many electronic cigarettes are composed of streamlined replaceable parts, while disposable devices combine all components into a single part that is discarded when its liquid is depleted. Common components include a liquid delivery and container system, an atomizer, and a power source

Who should use a mechanical mod?

What is a mechanical mod? A mechanical mod is an unregulated type of device. There is no circuitry in the mod to keep the voltage steady throughout the life of the battery. Since you are running directly off the battery you can't increase or decrease the voltage and the vape will slowly become weaker over the lifespan of the battery. However, there are no advanced electronics in mechanical mods which makes them extremely durable. They are ideal for those who want something that is dependable and won't break down. So when should you use them? If you're using rebuildable atomizers Mechanical mods are an excellent choice for those who choose to use rebuildable atomizers. When rebuilding, it's necessary to to fire the mod to see how the coil is performing and make adjustments. When using a regulated mod, it will either stop working or display an error message. The mechanical mod will still fire, allowing the user to make adjustments without waiting for the mod to reset or clear error codes. So while it's not a requirement to use mech mods when rebuilding atomizers, most rebuilders tend to prefer them. Sub-Ohm Vaping (Extremely low resistance vaping) First of all, if you are a novice vaper DO NOT ATTEMPT SUB-OHM VAPING. If you don't thoroughly understand Ohm's Law, amperage calculations, and battery c-ratings, then do not under any circumstances attempt sub-ohm vaping. It can cause serious injury and property damage if not done properly. Now that the obligatory safety warnings are out of the way, sub-ohm vapers tend to prefer mech mods because the lack of circuity ensures that there are no electronic protections. A mechanical mod will fire anything that you put on it, including extremely low resistance items. Regulated devices will display an error message or completely shut off if the resistance is too low. By definition, mechanical mods will not do this and will fire regardless of the resistance level. Other reasons While sub-ohm vaping and rebuildable atomizers are two of the most common practical reasons to use a mechanical mod, there are other reasons why people choose to use mechanicals:  Simplicity of design - Mechanical mods tend to have an extremely clean and simple, sleek look to them that appeals to lots of vapers.  Durability - As mentioned before, the lack of electronic circuitry ensures that most mechanical mods will last a long time. There are no electronics that can malfunction.  Bottom firing buttons - Since the button has to be in contact with the battery, most mechanical mods will have a bottom firing button.  They are currently popular - Honestly, this is probably the most common reason amongst those who aren't total vaping nerds. Mechanicals have exploded in popularity lately are the coolest thing in vaping at the moment. When it comes down to it, deciding whether to use a mechanical mod or a regulated variable voltage mod is a matter of personal preference. So which type of mod do you vape with?

E-Cigarettes "Around 95% Less Harmful" Than Regular Smoking

photo credit: The uptake of e-cigarettes over the past decade has been massive, with 2.6 million users in the U.K. alone. librakv/Shutterstock

A new report published in the U.K. has concluded that e-cigarettes are nowhere near as harmful as smoking. Carried out by Public Health England (PHE), the report found that e-cigarettes are “around 95% less harmful” than smoking tobacco, and that the National Health Service should consider recommending them to help people quit smoking all together. They have also concluded that there is “no evidence” that they offer young people a gateway into smoking.

The review suggests that e-cigarettes may be contributing to falling smoking rates in the U.K., as 2.6 million adults are now thought to be using the product. They also found that almost all of these adults are ex-smokers, providing evidence that many people are not starting to use the devices after having never smoked in the first place, and instead are using them to either quit or cut down on tobacco.

“E-cigarettes are not completely risk free but when compared to smoking, evidence shows they carry just a fraction of the harm,” explained Professor Kevin Fenton, Director of Health and Wellbeing at PHE. “The problem is people increasingly think they are at least as harmful and this may be keeping millions of smokers from quitting. Local stop smoking services should look to support e-cigarette users in their journey to quitting completely.”   

Despite the high quit rates among those who start smoking e-cigarettes, interestingly the number of people who think they are more harmful than traditional smoking is also on the rise. The report details how this number has increased from 8.1% in 2013 to 22.1% in 2015. This goes against all the current scientific evidence that shows the opposite.

The report also goes some way to dismiss the fears that e-cigarettes act as a route into smoking for young people and non-smokers. This reasoning is partly behind the Welsh government's recent move to ban e-cigarettes from all places in which smoking tobacco is also banned, arguing that they normalize the habit, and could encourage young people to take it up.

“Fears that e-cigarettes have made smoking seem normal again or even led to people taking up tobacco smoking are not so far being realised based on the evidence assessed by this important independent review,” said Professor Linda Bauld from Cancer Research UK. “In fact, the overall evidence points to e-cigarettes actually helping people to give up smoking tobacco.”

It’s estimated that currently 80,000 people in England die each year as a result of smoking, but if everybody who does smoke were to switch to e-cigarettes, then this figure is predicted to drop to just 4,000. The evidence, according to the report, is clear: Smoking e-cigarettes is much less harmful than smoking tobacco cigarettes. And if used in conjunction with stop smoking support services, they offer a much better chance at quitting altogether. 

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